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10 NOV CURRENT AFFAIRS (MCQ)

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10 NOV CURRENT AFFAIRS (MCQ)

Q1. Consider the following statements with reference to Mission Shakti 1. It was the country’s first-ever Anti-Satellite (ASAT) Missile Test 2. The successful conduct of Mission Shakti made India the fourth nation in the world with the capability to defend its assets in outer space. Which of the above statement(s) is/are incorrect?

  1. 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

 Solution : d)

Explanation :- Mission Shakti: · Mission Shakti’ was the country’s first-ever Anti-Satellite (ASAT) Missile Test successfully conducted on 27th March 2019 from Dr AP J Abdul Kalam Island in Odisha. o Here a fast-moving Indian orbiting target satellite in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) was neutralized with pinpoint accuracy. o This was a highly complex mission, conducted at extremely high speed with remarkable precision. · The successful conduct of Mission Shakti made India the fourth nation in the world with the capability to defend its assets in outer space. Is India entering into an arms race in outer space? · India has no intention of weaponization of outer space. · India believes that outer space is the common heritage of humankind. · India is a party to Outer Space Treaty which prohibits only weapons of mass destruction in outer space, not ordinary weapons. · India also supported UNGA resolution 69/32 on No First Placement of Weapons on Outer Space. · India has been participating in all sessions of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space.

 Q2. Consider the following statements with reference to Myopia 1. It occurs when the eyeball becomes longer, relative to the focusing power of the cornea and the lens. 2. It leads to finding it difficult to focus on nearby objects clearly. Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

  1. 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : a) Explanation :- Myopia · It occurs when the eyeball becomes longer, relative to the focusing power of the cornea and the lens; this leads to focusing not on the surface of the retina, but at a point before it. · This leads to finding it difficult to focus distant objects clearly, though you can see close-up objects such as while reading and using the computer. · In the year 2000, about 25% of the world’s population was near-sighted or myopic, but it is expected to increase to above 50% by 2050 (30 years from now). Need for the outdoor brightness · While many factors are known to counteract this problem, recent studies indicate less time spent outdoors to be a risk factor for myopia. · There are various ways in which such outdoor brightness helps protect the human eye from becoming myopic. o If you are in an open space, and not performing any ‘near work’, the stress on the eye is reduced. o The outdoor environment provides equal optical stimuli to various parts of the peripheral retina (the posterior part of the eye) and also enables exposure to different colors (the so called VIBGYOR) equally well, while indoor lighting using artificial sources that cut off specific wavelengths. o Upon bright illumination in the sunlight, the pupil reduces its size and reduces blur, and increases the depth of focus. o Sunlight exposure helps the biology of the eye, helping it to produce more vitamin D. o Exposure to bright light releases the hormone dopamine, which controls the length of the eyeball; the shorter it is, the myopia might set in.

Q3. Consider the following with respect to the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) 1. It is a specialized agency of the United Nations founded in 1945, that leads international efforts to defeat hunger and improve nutrition and food security. 2. It helps governments and development agencies coordinate their activities to improve and develop agriculture, forestry, fisheries, and land and water resources. Which of the above statement/s is/are incorrect?

  1. 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2 Solution : d)

Explanation :- The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO): · It is a specialized agency of the United Nations founded in 1945, that leads international efforts to defeat hunger and improve nutrition and food security. · The FAO is headquartered in Rome, Italy and maintains regional and field offices around the world, operating in over 130 countries. · It is composed of 197 member states, and governed by a biennial conference representing each member country and the European Union, which elects a 49- member executive council. · It helps governments and development agencies coordinate their activities to improve and develop agriculture, forestry, fisheries, and land and water resources. · It also conducts research, provides technical assistance to projects, operates educational and training programs, and collects data on agricultural output, production, and development.

 Q4. Consider the following statements with respect to the FASTag Programme in India 1. The mandate of this programme is drawn from the Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989. 2. The FASTag device employs Radio Frequency Identification(RFID) technology for payments directly from the prepaid or savings account linked to it. 3. Once issued the FASTag device is valid for the lifetime of the vehicle on which it is fitted. Which of the above statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 2 only b) 1 and 3 only c) 1 and 2 only d) All of the above

 Solution : c)

 Explanation :- · As per Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989, the FASTag had been made mandatory for all registration of new four wheeled Vehicles since 1st December 2017. About FASTags: · Radio Frequency Identification (RFID): The device employs RFID technology for payments directly from the prepaid or savings account linked to it. o RFID is the use of radio waves to read and capture information stored on a tag attached to an object. o A tag can be read from up to several feet away and does not need to be within the direct line-of-sight of the reader to be tracked. · Affixed on the windscreen: So the vehicle can drive through plazas without stopping. · Valid for five years: Can be recharged as and when required. · Seven different colours: The tag comes in 7 different colours – violet, orange, yellow, green, pink, blue, black. Each colour is assigned to a particular category of vehicles. · Implemented by: Indian Highways Management Company Limited (IHMCL), a company incorporated by National Highways Authority of India and National Payment Corporation of India (NPCI) are implementing this program. · Payment method: It is a part of the National Electronic Toll Collection (NETC) programme. The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) collects the payments.

Q5. Consider the following statements: 1. Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) is a statutory body under the Ministry of Heavy Industries. 2. The Energy Conservation Act empowers the central government only to specify norms and standards of energy efficiency. Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : d)

Explanation :- Bureau of Energy Efficiency · Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) is a statutory body under the Ministry of Power. · It assists in developing policies and strategies with the primary objective of reducing the energy intensity of the Indian economy. The Energy Conservation Act 2001 · The Energy Conservation Act empowers the government to specify norms and standards of energy efficiency to be followed by different industries (who are specified in a schedule to the Act) in their use of power. · The Act empowers state governments to enforce its various provisions.

 Q6. Which of the following region, in India, commonly known as Saffron bowl of Kashmir, is the main contributor to saffron production?

  1. Anantnag b) Baramulla c) Bandipore d) Pampore

Solution : d)

Explanation :- The saffron bowl, which was so far confined to Kashmir, may soon expand to the North East of India. Plants from seeds transported from Kashmir to Sikkim and acclimatized there are now flowering in Yangyang in the Southern part of the North-East state. · Saffron production has long been restricted to a limited geographical area in the Union territory of Jammu & Kashmir. · Pampore region, in India, commonly known as Saffron bowl of Kashmir, is the main contributor to saffron production, followed by Budgam, Srinagar, and Kishtiwar districts. · Though the National Mission on Saffron focused on several measures to improve its farming, the measures were still limited to the specified areas of Kashmir. · North East Centre For Technology Application and Reach (NECTAR), an autonomous body under the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India supported a pilot project to explore the feasibility of growing saffron in North East region of India, with the same quality and higher quantity. · The Botany and Horticulture department of Sikkim Central University carried out tests to understand the soil and actual pH conditions of Yangyang of Sikkim and found it comparable to saffron growing places of Kashmir. · Hence, option (d) is the correct answer.

Q7. With reference to the ”Fire Detection and Suppression System (FDSS)”, consider the following statements: 1. It was developed by CSIR. 2. FDSS technology can detect fire in buses in less than 30 seconds and extinguish it in 60 seconds thereby reducing the risk to life and property to a significant extent. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : b)

 Explanation :- The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed for passenger buses a technology called ”Fire Detection and Suppression System (FDSS)”. · FDSS technology can detect fire in buses in less than 30 seconds and extinguish it in 60 seconds thereby reducing the risk to life and property to a significant extent. · Demonstrations were given on water mist-based FDSS for passenger compartment and aerosol-based FDSS for engine fire. · DRDO’s Centre for Fire Explosive and Environment Safety (CFEES), Delhi has developed the technology. · The FDSS for passenger compartment comprises a water tank of 80 litre capacity, a 6.8 kg nitrogen cylinder pressurised to 200 bar installed at appropriate location in the bus and a network of tubing with 16 number of atomizers inside the passenger compartment. · The FDSS for engine comprises of aerosol generator with which the fire suppression could be achieved within 5 seconds of the system activation. Hence only statement 2 is correct.

Q8. With reference to the Anti Satellite (A-SAT) Missile, consider the following statements: 1. ‘Mission Shakti’ was country’s first ever Anti-Satellite (ASAT) Missile Test successfully conducted in 2019. 2. Mission Shakti made India the second nation in the world with the capability to defend its assets in outer space. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : a)

 Explanation :- A model of Anti Satellite (A-SAT) Missile installed inside the DRDO Bhawan premises was unveiled today by Raksha Mantri Rajnath Singh. · ‘Mission Shakti’ was country’s first ever Anti-Satellite (ASAT) Missile Test successfully conducted on 27th March 2019 from Dr AP J Abdul Kalam Island in Odisha, where a fastmoving Indian orbiting target satellite in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) was neutralised with pinpoint accuracy. · This was a highly complex mission, conducted at extremely high speed with remarkable precision. · The successful conduct of Mission Shakti made India the fourth nation in the world with the capability to defend its assets in outer space. Hence only statement 1 is correct.

 Q9. With reference to the India Mobile Congress (IMC) 2020, consider the following statements: 1. It was organized by NITI Aayog. 2. This year IMC’s theme is going to be – “Inclusive Innovation – Smart I Secure I Sustainable”. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : b)

 Explanation :- Minister of Information Technology announced the fourth edition of the India Mobile Congress (IMC) 2020, through a video message. The IMC 2020 is scheduled for 8th -10th December, and will be held virtually this year given the ongoing pandemic. · This prestigious event, jointly organized by the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) and Cellular Operators Association of India (COAT), will see 50+ participating countries, 110 + Global Speakers , Start-ups over the three day programme. · This year IMC’s theme is going to be – “Inclusive Innovation – Smart I Secure I Sustainable”. · IMC is considered the largest Digital Technology Forum in Asia for bringing together the industry, Government, academia, and other ecosystem players to discuss the latest industry technology trends around major themes such as SG, Artificial Intelligence (Al), Internet of things (loT) etc. · COAI was constituted in 1995 as a registered, non-governmental society. COAI’s vision is to establish India as the global leader of mobile communications infrastructure, products and services and achieving a national tele density of 100 per cent, including broadband. Hence only statement 2 is correct.

 Q10. With reference to Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT), consider the following statements: 1. It is an important statutory body in the field of direct taxes and its orders are accepted as final, on findings of fact. 2. ITAT was the first Tribunal to be created on 25th January, 1941 and is also known as ‘Mother Tribunal’. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

 Solution : c)

Explanation :- Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the state-of-the-art office-cum-residential complex of Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT) at Cuttack on 11th November, 2020. · Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, also known as ITAT, is an important statutory body in the field of direct taxes and its orders are accepted as final, on findings of fact. · It is presently headed by Mr. Justice (Retd) P.P. Bhatt, formerly Judge of the High Court of Jharkhand and High Court of Gujarat. · ITAT was the first Tribunal to be created on 25th January, 1941 and is also known as ‘Mother Tribunal’. Starting with three benches in the year 1941, at Delhi, Bombay and Calcutta it has now grown to 63 Benches and two circuit benches spread across thirty cities of India. · The Cuttack Bench of the ITAT was created and started functioning from 23rd May, 1970. The jurisdiction of Cuttack Bench extends to the whole of Odisha. · Hence both statements are correct. ***********