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23 FEB CURRENT AFFAIRS (MCQ)

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23 FEB CURRENT AFFAIRS (MCQ)

Q1. The Central government unveiled the Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF). Consider the following statements:

  1. As per the provisions of AHIDF, a project will be eligible for a loan amount that covers up to 90% of the estimated cost.
  2. It provides an interest subvention of 3% for all eligible entities.
    Which of the above statements is/are correct? a) 1 Only
    b) 2 Only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : c)
Explanation :-
About Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF) • The AHIDF has been set up with an outlay of ₹15,000 crore.
• As per the provisions of AHIDF, a project will be eligible for a loan amount that covers up to 90% of the estimated cost.
• It provides an interest subvention of 3% for all eligible entities. Hence both statements are correct.
• Applicants can submit the proposal with a complete Detailed Project Report through the Udyami Mitra Portal.

Q2. Udyami Mitra’ Portal has been launched by a) Ministry of Finance
b) Ministry of Skill Development
c) Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI)
d) National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)

Solution : c)
Explanation :-

Udyami Mitra’ Portal
Launched
Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI)
by
To improve accessibility of credit and handholding services to
Objective
Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs)
Scheduled Commercial Banks (SCBs) have been advised to ensure a target of 7.5% of Adjusted Net Bank Credit (ANBC) for Micro
Details Enterprises, that collateral security is not required for loans upto Rs. 10 lakh to MSE sector, a simplified working capital requirement for MSEs.

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. The IIT Council is headed by the Prime Minister.
  2. The NEP 2020 aims to make the UG courses of Bachelor’s degrees multidisciplinary by allowing students to choose whether they want a 1 Year, 2 Year, 3 Year or a 4 Year course.
    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 Only
    b) 2 Only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : b)
Explanation :-
The Council of Indian Institutes of Technology, or IIT Council, is the governing body responsible for all of the Indian Institutes of Technology.
• The IIT Council is headed by the Education Minister and includes the directors of all IITs, and the chairs of each IIT’s Board of Governors. Statement 1 is incorrect.
• It is meant to advise on admission standards, duration of courses, degrees and other academic distinctions.
• It lays down policy regarding cadre, methods of recruitment and conditions of service of employees of all IITs.
NEP, 2020 recommendations for higher education:
• National Research Foundation: Through the establishment of the NRF, the policy aims to support research at universities, and enable top Indian universities to compete at a global level.
• Academic Bank of Credits: A major change suggested in the NEP is the establishment of an Academic Bank of Credit (ABC), which would digitally store the academic credits earned from various recognized HEIs (Higher Education Institutes), so that the degrees from an HEI can be awarded taking into account credits earned.
• Multiple Entry and Exit points: The NEP 2020 aims to make the UG courses of Bachelor’s degrees multidisciplinary by allowing students to choose whether they want a 1 Year, 2 Year, 3 Year or a 4 Year course.

Q4. With reference to the Vertical Launch Short Range Surface to Air Missile (VL-SRSAM), consider the following statements:

  1. It is meant for neutralizing various aerial threats at close ranges including sea-skimming targets.
  2. It is indigenously designed and developed by DRDO for Indian Air Force. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a) 1 Only
    b) 2 Only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : a)
Explanation :-
Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) conducted two successful launches of Vertical Launch Short Range Surface to Air Missile (VL-SRSAM).
• The launches were carried out from a static vertical launcher from Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur off the coast of Odisha.
• Indigenously designed and developed by DRDO for Indian Navy, VL-SRSAM is meant for neutralizing various aerial threats at close ranges including seaskimming targets.
• The current launches were carried out for demonstration of vertical launch capability as part of its maiden launch campaign.
Hence only statement 1 is correct.

Q5. With reference to the SFURTI clusters, consider the following statements:

  1. The Ministry of MSME has funded an amount of around Rs.85 crores for development of these 50 clusters.
  2. It aims to organize traditional industries and artisans into clusters to make them competitive and increase their income.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a) 1 Only
    b) 2 Only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : c)
Explanation :-
Union Minister for MSME inaugurated 50 artisan-based SFURTI clusters, spread over 18 States.
• In the 50 clusters inaugurated, over 42,000 artisans have been supported in the traditional segments of muslin, khadi, coir, handicraft, handlooms, wood craft, leather, pottery, carpet weaving, bamboo, agro processing, tea, etc.
• The Ministry of MSME has funded an amount of around Rs.85 crore for development of these 50 clusters.
• The Ministry of MSME is implementing a Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries (SFURTI) with a view to organize traditional industries and artisans into clusters to make them competitive and increase their income.
• SFURTI clusters are of two types i.e.,
o Regular Cluster (500 artisans) with Government assistance of up to Rs.2.5 crore and
o Major Cluster (more than 500 artisans) with Government assistance up to Rs.5 crore.
• The artisans are organized into SPVs which can be o a Society registered under Societies (Registration) Act, 1860, o a Co-operative Society under an appropriate statute, o a Producer Company under Section 465 (1) of Companies Act, 2013 (18 of
2013), o a Section 8 Company under the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013) or (v) a Trust.
Hence both statements are correct.

Q6. A recent initiative to find solutions for water related challenges “DIWALI” has been developed by India and which of the following country?
a) Netherlands
b) U. S. A
c) Germany
d) France

Solution : a)
Explanation :-
In order to find solutions for water related challenges a platform called DIWALI has been developed in which India and Netherlands could participate for designing solution for water challenges.
• The consortium of experts from the two counties would explore the potential and sustainability of Dutch Solutions to resolve challenges in specific water challenged sites in India which are scalable, sustainable and affordable.
• It is being led by
o Dutch consortia titled “Water for Change. Integrative and Fit-for-Purpose
Water Sensitive Design Framework for Fast Growing Livable Cities” and o IIT Roorkee as lead along with other consortia member named MANIT, Bhopal; CEPT University, Ahmedabad; IIT Gandhinagar; CWRDM, Calicut. Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.

Q7. Devasthal is a mountain peak in:
a) Uttarakhand
b) Himachal Pradesh
c) Ladakh
d) Kerala

Solution : a)
Explanation :-
The world-class 3.6 meter optical telescope set up at Devasthal has assumed global importance for observing a number of time-critical cosmic explosive events such as Gamma Ray Bursts and Supernovae.
• Devasthal is a mountain peak in Uttarakhand.
• The world-class 3.6 meter optical telescope set up at Devasthal is the Asia’s largest fully steerable optical telescope, an international facility for and people from different parts of the world compete for observation and machine time by submitting research proposals.
• It was set up in year 2016 by Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), an autonomous research institute of DST with support from Belgian government and established India’s role as a global player in astronomy research.
• The technological know-how gained from the development of this telescope and back-end instruments are beneficial for optical facilities planned for future such as the Thirty Meter Telescope – one of the mega projects in which the country is participating.
Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.

Q8. With reference to the Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, consider the following statements:

  1. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an umbrella term for a range of liver conditions affecting people who drink little to no alcohol.
  2. Some individuals with NAFLD can develop non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), an aggressive form of fatty liver disease. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a) 1 Only
    b) 2 Only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : c)
Explanation :-
Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan said that India has become the first country in the world to identify the need for action for Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.
• He said this while launching the operational guidelines for integration of NonAlcoholic Fatty Liver Disease with the National Programme for Prevention & Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke.
• Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an umbrella term for a range of liver conditions affecting people who drink little to no alcohol. As the name implies, the main characteristic of NAFLD is too much fat stored in liver cells.
• NAFLD is increasingly common around the world, especially in Western nations.
• Some individuals with NAFLD can develop non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), an aggressive form of fatty liver disease, which is marked by liver inflammation and may progress to advanced scarring (cirrhosis) and liver failure.
• This damage is similar to the damage caused by heavy alcohol use. Hence both statements are correct.

Q9. With reference to the ‘Greater Tipraland’, consider the following statements:

  1. It is essentially an extension of the ruling tribal partner Indigenous Peoples Front of Tripura.
  2. The new demand seeks to include every tribal person living in indigenous area or village outside the Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council (TTAADC) under the proposed model.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a) 1 Only
    b) 2 Only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : c)
Explanation :-
Tripura royal scion Pradyot Kishore Manikya has recently announced his new political demand of ‘Greater Tipraland’.
• He claims that this would serve the interest of tribals, non-tribals, Tripuri tribals staying outside Tripura, even those outside India in Bandarban, Chittagong, Khagrachari and other border adjacent areas in Bangladesh.
• ‘Greater Tipraland’ is essentially an extension of the ruling tribal partner Indigenous Peoples Front of Tripura – IPFT’s demand of Tipraland, which sought a separate state for tribals of Tripura.
• The new demand seeks to include every tribal person living in indigenous area or village outside the Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council (TTAADC) under the proposed model.
• However, the idea doesn’t restrict to simply the Tripura tribal council areas, but seeks to include ‘Tiprasa’ of Tripuris spread across different states of India like Assam, Mizoram etc. as well, even those living in Bandarban, Chittagong, Khagrachari and other bordering areas of neighbouring Bangladesh. • Hence both statements are correct.

Q10. The IIT Council is headed by:
a) Union Home Minister
b) Union Education Minister
c) Prime Minister of India
d) None of the above

Solution : b)
Explanation :-
The IIT Council has set up committees to look at greater autonomy for the elite institutions, in line with the National Education Policy recommendations, as well as reform of the academic Senate, grooming faculty to head the IITs, and innovative funding mechanisms.
• The Council also recommended cutting IIT staff strength to lower levels.
• The IIT Council is headed by the Education Minister and includes the directors of all IITs, and the chairs of each IIT’s Board of Governors.
• It is meant to advise on admission standards, duration of courses, degrees and other academic distinctions, and also lays down policy regarding cadre, methods of recruitment and conditions of service of employees.
• Hence, option (b) is the correct answer.