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Q1. Consider the following

  1. Monsoons are seasonal winds which reverse their direction with the change of season.
  2. They flow from sea to land during the summer and from land to sea during winter
    Which of the above statement/s is/are correct?
    (a) 1 only
    (b) 2 only
    (c) Both 1 and 2
    (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (c)

● Monsoons are seasonal winds which reverse their direction with the change of season.
● They flow from sea to land during the summer and from land to sea during winter
● Countries like India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Myanmar etc. receive most of the annual
rainfall during southwest monsoon season whereas South East China, Japan etc., during
north-east rainfall season.
● During the summers of northern hemisphere, North India receives high insolation
and generates low pressure.
● This low pressure attracts winds from all direction. Heating of Tibetan plateau also plays
role here.
● During the same time, Inter-Tropical convergence zone also shifts to the north and
as a result trade winds starts blowing towards India carrying moisture with them.

Q2. Which country recently relaxed its two-child norms?
(a) United States
(b) Japan
(c) China
(d) None of the above

Answer: (c)

● China’s decision to relax its two-child norm and allow couples to have three children
must serve as a warning for India that coercive population strategies can be counterproductive.
● After enforcing one-child and two-child policies to control its population over the past
four decades, China announced that it will allow couples to have a third child as it stares
at a fast ageing population.

Q3. Which of the following is not a BRICS nation?
(a) Brazil
(b) Russia
(c) Indonesia
(d) China

Answer: (c)

● BRICS is an acronym for the grouping of the world’s leading emerging economies, namely
Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. The BRICS Leaders’ Summit is convened
● From the Indian perspective, BRICS has emerged the voice of developing countries, or
the global south.

Q4. Hamirpur district, recently in news, is located in:
(a) Punjab
(b) Bihar
(c) Uttar Pradesh
(d) Jharkhand

Answer: (c)

● Following a plea alleging illegal sand mining in Hamirpur district, the National Green
Tribunal (NGT) has directed the Uttar Pradesh government to take remedial action for the
● The directions came when the green panel was hearing a plea moved by a petitioner who
alleged sand mining in a “submerged water area” in Hamirpur district in violation of
existing laws and guidelines.

Q5. H10N3 is:
(a) Corona Virus New Variant
(b) Bird Flu Strain
(c) Swine Flu Strain
(d) None

Answer: (b)

China reported the world’s first human infection of the H10N3 bird flu strain but said the
risk of it spreading widely among people was low.
Low pathogenic
● It described H10N3 as low pathogenic – less likely to cause death or severe illness – in
● Several strains of bird flu have been found among animals in China but mass outbreaks
in humans are rare.
● The last human epidemic of bird flu in China occurred in late 2016 to 2017, with the
H7N9 virus.

Q6. Sustainable Development Goal Target 8.7 is directly related to
a) Child Labour
b) Poverty
c) Health
d) Nuclear arms

Answer: a)

Sustainable Dvelopment Goal Target 8.7 – Take immediate and effective measures to
eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the
prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and
use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms.

Q7. Mount Nyiragongo is in the news. It is located in
a) North America
b) South America
c) Africa
d) Australia

Answer: c)

About Mount Nyiragongo
 It is an active volcano in the Virunga Mountains of east-central Africa.
 The Virunga Mountains are associated with the Albertine Rift.
 It lies in the volcano region of Virunga National Park, Congo (Kinshasa), near the
border with Rwanda, 12 miles (19 km) north of Goma.
 Mount Nyiragongo is part of the Virunga volcanic chain and owes its existence to
the activity of the African Great Rift.
 The rift is constantly extending and opening.

Q8. Which of the following are pillars of Atmanirbhar Bharat Scheme?

  1. Economy
  2. Infrastructure
  3. 21st-century technology-driven arrangements and system
  4. Demand
  5. Vibrant Demography
    Select the correct code:
    a) 1, 2 and 5 only
    b) 2, 3, 4 and 5 only
    c) 1, 3, 4 and 5 only
    d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 only

Answer: d)

5 Important Facts about Atmanirbhar Bharat Scheme

  1. The Prime Minister announced that an Atmanirbhar Bharat or a self-reliant India
    should stand on the following five pillars:
  2. Economy
  3. Infrastructure
  4. 21st-century technology-driven arrangements and system
  5. Demand
  6. Vibrant Demography
  7. The 20 lakh crore worth package is almost 10% of the GDP of the country.
  8. The package emphasizes land, labour, liquidity, and laws.
  9. The package includes measures across many sectors such as MSME, cottage
    industries, middle class, migrants, industry, etc.
  10. Several reforms are announced to make India a self-reliant economy and mitigate
    negative effects in the future. Some of the reforms are:
  11. Simple and clear laws
  12. Rational taxation system
  13. Supply chain reforms in agriculture
  14. Capable human resources
  15. Robust financial system

Q9. Which of the following are Constitutional Provisions regarding to Children?

  1. Article 21A
  2. Article 24
  3. Article 39
    Select the correct code
    a) 1 and 2 only
    b) 2 and 3 only
    c) 1 and 3 only
    d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Answer: d)

Constitutional Provisions:
o Article 21A: Right to Education
o Article 24: Prohibition of employment of children (below the age fourteen
years) in factories, etc.
o Article 39: The State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing
the health and strength of workers, men and women, and the tender age of
children are not abused and that citizens are not forced by economic
necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their age or strength.

Q10. Which of the following can be included under FIIs?

  1. Hedge funds
  2. Insurance companies
  3. Mutual funds
    Select the correct code
    a) 1 and 2 only
    b) 2 and 3 only
    c) 1 and 3 only
    d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Answer: d)

FIIs can include:
o Hedge funds,
o Insurance companies,
o Pension funds,
o Investment banks, and
o Mutual funds.