10 MAY CURRENT AFFAIRS (MCQ)
Q1. Who is responsible for approval of drugs in India?
a) Drugs Controller General of India
b) Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation
c) Ministry of Health
d) NITI Aayog
Approval of Drugs in India
The Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) has granted permission for emergency use of
an anti-COVID-19 therapeutic application of the drug 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG),
developed by the Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences (INMAS), a lab of the
Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), in collaboration with Dr. Reddy’s
● Clinical trials of new drugs and vaccines, and their approvals, are governed by the Drugs and
Clinical Trials Rules, 2019.
● The Drugs and Clinical Trials Rules will apply to all new drugs, investigational new drugs for
human use, clinical trials, bioequivalence studies and ethics committees.
Q2. Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine belongs to which country?
a) United States
● The World Health Organization approved the Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine for emergency
use – the first Chinese jab to receive the WHO’s green light.
● The UN health agency signed off on the two-dose vaccine, which is already being deployed
in dozens of countries around the world.
● The WHO has already given emergency use listing to the vaccines being made by Pfizer-
BioNTech, Moderna, J&J, and the AstraZeneca jab being produced at sites in India and in
● The WHO recommended that the two Sinopharm shots be taken three to four weeks apart.
● The vaccine’s efficacy for symptomatic and hospitalised cases of COVID-19 was estimated
to be 79% when all age groups are combined.
Q3. Any person who enters into a transaction of Rs 2 lakh or more in cash will be liable
to a penalty of an amount equal to the amount of the transaction. The above comes
under which Section pf IT Act?
a) Section 269SS
b) Section 269SQ
c) Section 269ST
d) Section 269S
Section 269ST of the Income Tax Act
● As per section 269ST, any person who enters into a transaction of Rs 2 lakh or more in cash
will be liable to a penalty of an amount equal to the amount of the transaction.
● With effect from April 1, 2017, no person will receive an amount of Rs 2 lakh or more;
○ One person a day (or)
○ In relation to a single transaction (or)
○ In relation to a transaction relating to an event or occasion from a person.
● The new cash transaction limit does not apply if a person pays an account payee check (or)
account payee bank draft (or) through a bank account or through another electronic mode
through the use of an electronic clearing system ) Receives the amount through. Determined.
Non-applicability of section 269ST
● Any receipt by
○ Any banking company, post office savings bank or cooperative bank;
● Transactions of the nature mentioned in Section 269SS – i.e. acceptance of Loan, deposits
● Such other person or persons or class of receipts as the Central Government may by
notification in the Official Gazette specify.
Q4. FCRA act Prohibits which of the following to accept foreign contribution?
- Public servant
- Election candidates
- Editor or publisher of a newspaper
Select the correct code
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3
Prohibition to accept foreign contribution: The act bars public servants from receiving
○ Public servant includes any person who is in service or pay of the government, or
remunerated by the government for the performance of any public duty.
○ The FCRA 2010 also bars certain persons to accept any foreign contribution. These include:
election candidates, editor or publisher of a newspaper, judges, government servants,
members of any legislature, and political parties, among others.
Q5. Long March 5B rocket, often mentioned in news, was developed by:
a) China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation
b) Indian Space Research Organisation
c) National Aeronautics and Space Administration
d) None of the above
Debris from a Chinese rocket made an uncontrolled re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere and
disintegrated over the Indian Ocean, with remnants falling at a location to the west of Maldives.
The debris came from the upper stage of a Long March 5B rocket– China’s largest– that had
been launched into space on April 29 for putting into orbit a core module of the new Tianhe
space station, which is expected to become operational in 2022.
For days, there had been speculation on whether the debris would hit a populated area on the
Earth’s surface, leading NASA to criticise China over lack of transparency and for “failing to
meet responsible standards”.
When a rocket is launched, its discarded booster stages re-enter the atmosphere soon after
liftoff and harmlessly fall into the ocean– a standard practice.
In this case, however, a 10-floor large vehicle of the rocket weighing 18 metric tonnes went into
orbit along with the section of the under-construction space station that it was carrying.
While in orbit, this vehicle kept rubbing against the air at the top of the atmosphere, and the
resulting friction caused it to start losing altitude. The piece hurtled through a low-Earth orbit at
roughly 25,490 km/hr.
An “uncontrolled re-entry” thus became inevitable, but China did not admit this fact to the world
until Sunday, when it said the debris had entered the Earth’s atmosphere over the
Mediterranean, flown over the Arabian peninsula and crashed near the Maldives at 72.47° East
and 2.65° North.
Few expected the debris to harm humans, mainly due to most of it burning up in the
atmosphere, as well as the fact that large parts of the Earth are covered by oceans and
massive land areas lie uninhabited. So, what caused the rocket piece to enter into orbit?
When rockets carry their payload into space, their booster stages that reach orbit fire the
engine again after completing their job so as to drop back to Earth and not remain in orbit.
Space agencies plan this process to ensure that such rocket parts end up in uninhabited areas,
such as the middle of the ocean.
China chose not to do this for its Long March rocket, leading to its vehicle crashing back
uncontrollably. China’s plan to launch 10 more missions like this until 2022 to complete the
Tianhe has thus sparked worry that pieces from its rockets could end up causing injuries.
Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.