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15 DEC CURRENT AFFAIRS (MCQ)

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15 DEC CURRENT AFFAIRS (MCQ)

Q1. Vision 2035: Public Health Surveillance in India, document recently in news, is released by
a) Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India
b) NITI Aayog
c) World Health Organisation (WHO)
d) None of the above

Solution : b) Explanation :-
• NITI Aayog has released a white paper: Vision 2035: Public Health Surveillance in India.
• NITI Aayog’s mandate is to provide strategic directions to the various sectors of the Indian economy.
• In line with this mandate, the Health Vertical of NITI Aayog released ‘Health Systems for New India: Building blocks – Potential Pathways to Reforms’ in 2019.
• The recent document is a continuation of the work on Health Systems Strengthening. The vision of the document:
• To make India’s public health surveillance system more responsive and predictive to enhance preparedness for action at all levels.
• Citizen-friendly public health surveillance systems will ensure individual privacy and confidentiality, enabled with a client feedback mechanism.
• Improved data-sharing mechanism between Centre and states for better disease detection, prevention, and control.
• India aims to provide regional and global leadership in managing events that constitute a public health emergency of international concern. Hence, option (b) is the correct answer.

Q2. Which of the following is not a parameter of Global Hunger Index (GHI)?
a) The proportion of undernourished in a population
b) The proportion of children under the age of five suffering from wasting
c) The mortality rate of children under five
d) None of the above

Solution : d) Explanation :- Global Hunger Index (GHI) Report
• The report is an annual publication that is jointly prepared by the Concern Worldwide (an Irish agency) and the Welt Hunger Hilfe (a German organization).
• 4 Parameters: GHI is based on the following four indicators o The proportion of undernourished in a population
o The proportion of children under the age of five suffering from wasting (less weight in proportion to their height)
o The proportion of children under five suffering from stunting (low height in proportion to their age)
o The mortality rate of children under five Hence, option (d) is the correct answer.

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. Education and development lead to lower fertility levels.
  2. Lower fertility rate is always good for the economy.
    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : a) Explanation :-
The total fertility rate :It is defined as the average number of children that would be born to a woman by the time she ends childbearing.
Below-replacement fertility is defined as a combination of fertility and mortality levels that leads to a negative population growth rate, hence a declining population sizeBoth high TFR and TFR below-replacement levels can be causes of worry for policy makers and planners.
• According to the World Bank, high fertility levels pose health risks for children and their mothers.
• Education and development lead to lower fertility levels, but when a population does not reproduce enough to be able to replace one generation of humans with the next, the aged population grows and the labour force shrinks. Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.

Q4. Akhilesh Ranjan Task Force report is in the news. It is related to:
a) Fintech
b) Direct tax code
c) Covid-19 impact on economy
d) Banking sector

Solution : b) Explanation :-
Akhilesh Ranjan Task Force report:
• It was a government-appointed task force headed by CBDT member Akhilesh Ranjan on framing the new Direct Tax Code, which seeks to replace the existing Income Tax Act.
• The task force was assigned to draft direct tax laws in line with the norms prevalent in other countries, incorporating international best practices, and keeping in mind the economic needs of the country.
Hence, option (b) is the correct answer.

Q5. With reference to the India Water Impact Summit 2020, consider the following statements:

  1. India Water Impact 2020 is a five-day long summit, hosting experts and academicians from all over the world to discuss and debate issues related to water conservation, water security and river rejuvenation.
  2. The event is organised by NITI Aayog.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : a) Explanation :-
India Water Impact Summit continues with many more experts from India and abroad sharing their insights on the topic of conservation and development.
• India Water Impact 2020 is a five-day long summit, hosting experts and academicians from all over the world to discuss and debate issues related to water conservation, water security and river rejuvenation.
• The event is co-organised by National Mission for Clean Ganga and Centre for Ganga River Basin Management and Studies.
• During the event, Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research signed MOU with cGanga (think-tank of NMCG) for development of sludge management framework in India. Hence only statement 1 is correct.

Q6. With reference to the ‘Himgiri’, consider the following statements:

  1. It is the first of the three Project 17A ships being built at M/s Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited (GRSE), Kolkata.
  2. Under the Project 17A program, a total of seven ships, four at Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) and three ships at GRSE are being built.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : c) Explanation :-
‘Himgiri’, the first of the three Project 17A ships being built at M/s Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited (GRSE), Kolkata was launched on 14 December 2020.
• The ship has taken its name and crest of the second Frigate of the Leander Class of ships, which incidentally was launched 50 years ago in 1970.
• Under the Project 17A program, a total of seven ships, four at Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) and three ships at GRSE are being built with enhanced stealth features, advanced indigenous weapon and sensor fit along with several other improvements.
• P17A ships are the first gas turbine propulsion and largest combat platforms ever built at GRSE.
• P17A ships have been indigenously designed by Directorate of Naval Design (Surface Ship Design Group) – DND(SSG), and are being built at indigenous yards namely MDL and GRSE. Hence both statements are correct.

Q7. With reference to Himalayan serow, consider the following statements:

  1. They are known to be found in eastern, central, and western Himalayas, but not in the Trans Himalayan region.
  2. Himalayan serows are carnivores.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : a) Explanation :-
A Himalayan serow has been sighted for the first time in the Himalayan cold desert region. The animal was spotted near Hurling village in Spiti, Himachal Pradesh.
• Scientific name: The Himalayan serow, or Capricornis sumatraensis thar, is a subspecies of the mainland serow (Capricornis sumatraensis).
• Appearance: Himalayan serow resembles a cross between a goat, a donkey, a cow, and a pig. It’s a medium-sized mammal with a large head, thick neck, short limbs, long, mule-like ears, and a coat of dark hair.
• Distribution: There are several species of serows, and all of them are found in Asia. Himalayan serows are typically found at altitudes between 2,000 metres and 4,000 metres (6,500 to 13,000 feet). They are known to be found in eastern, central, and western Himalayas, but not in the Trans Himalayan region.
• Diet: Himalayan serows are herbivores. Conservation status:
• Previously assessed as ‘near threatened’, the Himalayan serow is now been categorised as ‘vulnerable’ in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
• It is listed under Schedule I of The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, which provides absolute protection.
• Serows are generally not found at this altitude, and never before has a serow been seen in the Himalayan cold desert.
• Wildlife officials believe this particular animal may have strayed into the Spiti valley from the Rupi Bhaba Wildlife Sanctuary in adjoining Kinnaur.
Hence only statement 1 is correct.

Q8. With reference to the Geminids meteor shower, consider the following statements:

  1. The Geminids meteor showers are unique because their origin does not lie in a comet, but what is believed to be an asteroid or an extinct comet.
  2. Geminids travel at a speed of 78,000 mph or 35 km/s, which is over 1000 times faster than a cheetah.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : c) Explanation :-
The Geminids meteor shower, believed to be the strongest of the year, is active from December 4-December 20, with December 13 and 14 considered to be the best nights for viewing these meteor showers.
• The Geminids meteor showers are unique because their origin does not lie in a comet, but what is believed to be an asteroid or an extinct comet. The Geminids emerge from 3200 Phaethon, which meteor scientists consider to be an asteroid.
• NASA says that Geminids travel at a speed of 78,000 mph or 35 km/s, which is over 1000 times faster than a cheetah.
• Meteors are best visible on a cloudless night and when the Moon is not extremely bright.
• Meteors are bits of rock and ice that are ejected from comets as they manoeuvre around their orbits around the sun.
• When a meteor reaches the Earth, it is called a meteorite and a series of meteorites, when encountered at once, is termed a meteor shower.
• According to NASA, over 30 meteor showers occur annually and are observable from the Earth.
Hence both statements are correct.

Q9. With reference to the Indian Gaur, consider the following statements:

  1. They are found only in India.
  2. It is listed as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red
    List.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : c) Explanation :-
The images of an Indian Bison, or Gaur, in Pune’s urban landscape, the frenzy among people, the capture of the injured animal that ran around in panic, and the sad news of its death has put the spotlight on human-Gaur conflict in the country.
• It is one of the largest extant bovines. It is one of the largest species among the wild cattle, reaching a shoulder height of up to 220 cm.
• Habitat: Gaurs are found on the forested hills and grassy areas of south to south east Asia.
• Distribution:
o They are found in India, China, Thailand, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Nepal.
o The Western Ghats in southern India constitute one of the most extensive extant strongholds of gaur, in particular in the Wayanad – Nagarhole – Mudumalai – Bandipur complex.
o The gaur is the State Animal of Goa and Bihar. Status:
• It is listed as Vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature(IUCN) Red List. • The Indian Government has included it in the Schedule I of the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972. • It is listed in CITES Appendix I.
Hence both statements are incorrect.

Q10. Hybrid Renewable Energy Park, world’s biggest Renewable Energy Park, being set up in:
a) Kutch district
b) Bikaner district
c) Mysuru district
d) Palghar district

Solution : a) Explanation :-
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will visit Gujarat on December 15, 2020 to lay foundation stones for several development projects in the state. Hybrid Renewable Energy Park
• Hybrid Renewable Energy Park is world’s biggest Renewable Energy Park, being set up close to Indo Pak border, near Khavda village in Kutch district.
• It will produce 30 Giga watt solar and wind energy on a vast expanse of waste land situated beyond India bridge from Khavda village to Vighakot, where civilian access is not permitted and area is controlled by BSF and Indian Army.
Desalination plant:
• The PM will also lay foundation stone virtually for a desalination plant coming up at Gundiyali village near Mandvi in Kutch district. This plant aims to convert sea water for potable purposes for a population 8 lakh of 300 villages.
• The desalination plant assumes great importance for Kutch peninsula which is perennial raindeficit area with no other source of water. Fully automated milk processing of Sarhad dairy:
• Prime Minister Modi will also lay foundation stone, virtually, for 130 crore rupees milk processing plant of Sarhad dairy, an apex dairy cooperative entity.
• This massive 2 lakh litre per day milk processing and packaging facility will come up under Rashtriya Kisan Vikas Yojna.
• Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.