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20 MARCH CUREENT AFFAIRS ( MCQ)

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20 MARCH CUREENT AFFAIRS ( MCQ)

Q1. Which one of the following is the best description of ‘Ingenuity’, that was in the news recently?

  1. The first helicopter to fly on Mars was carried by NASA’s rover called Perseverance
  2. Highly advanced Nuclear-powered submarine by U.S.A
  3. Newly developed Supplemental Oxygen Delivery System by DRDO
  4. None of the above

Solution: a)

Explanation:

NASA announced that Ingenuity had performed its first flight. “…the first flight of a powered aircraft on another planet!”

  • Ingenuity, the first helicopter to fly on Mars was carried by NASA’s rover called Perseverance that was launched in July last year and will help collect samples from the surface from locations where the rover cannot reach.
  • Perseverance landed at the Jezero Crater of Mars in February year. It will remain on the Red Planet for about two years and look for finding past signs of life.
  • The rover is designed to study signs of ancient life, collect samples that might be sent back to Earth during future missions and test new technology that might benefit future robotic and human missions to the planet.
  • Ingenuity is able to fly using counter-rotating blades that spin at about 2,400 rpm. It has a wireless communication system, and is equipped with computers, navigation sensors, and two cameras. It is solar-powered, able to charge on its own.
  • Taking to the air would give scientists a new perspective on a region’s geology and even allow them to peer into areas that are too steep or slippery to send a rover. In the distant future, they might even help astronauts explore Mars.
  • NASA will try and demonstrate rotorcraft flight in the extremely thin atmosphere of Mars with this helicopter, which is why the mission is so crucial.
  • Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.

Q2. With reference to the Vande Bharat Mission (VBM), consider the following statements:

1. The Vande Bharat Mission (VBM), which started repatriating Indians stranded abroad due to COVID-19 and the resultant lockdowns since May 7, 2020.

2. “Transport bubbles” or “air travel arrangements” is a temporary arrangement between two countries aimed at restarting commercial passenger services when regular international flights are suspended as a result of the pandemic.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: c)

Explanation:

The Vande Bharat Mission (VBM), which started repatriating Indians stranded abroad due to COVID-19 and the resultant lockdowns since May 7, 2020, has turned out to be one of the largest evacuations of civilians by a country.

  • Into the middle of Phase 10, the VBM has surpassed the large-scale airlift of 1,10,000 people in 1990 at the onset of the Gulf War.
  • Till now, the Air India (AI) Group has operated 11,523 inbound flights to carry 18,19,734 passengers and 11,528 outbound flights with 13,68,457 passengers.
  • The national carrier, which carried out the bulk of air transfers under the mission, was supported by its budget carrier Air India Express.
  • The current VBM Phase 10 has international and domestic schedules operating till October 31.
  • Air India Express (AIE) used its B-737-800 fleet to lift agricultural produce, mainly fruits and vegetables, to West Asian countries, Singapore and Kuala Lumpur.
  • “Transport bubbles” or “air travel arrangements”, temporary arrangements between two countries aimed at restarting commercial passenger services when regular international flights are suspended as a result of the pandemic, are in place.
  • Hence both statements are correct.

Q3. With reference to the Bru Resettlement, consider the following statements:

  1. Bru or Reang is a community indigenous to Northeast India, living mostly in Tripura, Mizoram and Assam.
  2. In Mizoram, they are recognised as a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: a)

Explanation:

Bru Resettlement Issue

  • The Centre, the governments of Mizoram and Tripura and leaders of Bru organisations had signed a quadripartite agreement in January (2020) to let the remaining 35,000 refugees who have stayed back to be resettled in Tripura.
  • The rehabilitation package offered included financial assistance of ₹4 lakh and land for constructing a house for each family.

Background

  • Bru or Reang is a community indigenous to Northeast India, living mostly in Tripura, Mizoram and Assam.
  • In Tripura, they are recognised as a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group.
  • In Mizoram, they have been targeted by groups that do not consider them indigenous to the state.
  • In 1997, following ethnic clashes, nearly 37,000 Brus fled Mamit, Kolasib and Lunglei districts of Mizoram and were accommodated in relief camps in Tripura.
  • Since then, 5,000 have returned to Mizoram in eight phases of repatriation, while 32,000 still live in six relief camps in North Tripura.
  • In June 2018, community leaders from the Bru camps signed an agreement with the Centre and the two state governments, providing for repatriation in Mizoram. But most camp residents rejected the terms of the agreement.
  • According to them, the agreement doesn’t guarantee their safety in Mizoram.

Q4. With reference to the Operation Samudra Setu, consider the following statements:

  1. The program named Samudra Setu by Indian navy entails to bring back around two thousand Indians in two ships during the first phase of evacuation.
  2. INS Jalashwa and INS Magar are being operated as part of efforts to repatriate Indian nationals from foreign shores.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: c)

Explanation:

Operation Samudra Setu

  • The program named Samudra Setu by Indian navy entails to bring back around two thousand Indians in two ships during the first phase of evacuation.
  • INS Jalashwa and INS Magar are being operated as part of efforts to repatriate Indian nationals from foreign shores.

Q5. World Drug Report is released by:

  1. Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation
  2. World Health Organisation
  3. World Economic Forum
  4. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

Solution: d)

Explanation:

Drug trafficking a challenge to India’s security

  • In 2020, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), in its 2020 World Drug Report, has highlighted the possible consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic on Illegal Drug Production, Supply and Consumption.
  • According to it, due to economic hardship, people may resort to illicit activities linked to drugs to make a living.
  • The report further, revealed that the measures taken by governments to counter the pandemic inevitably had double-edged consequences on large-scale drug supply.