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7-9 NOV CURRENT AFFAIRS (MCQ)

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7-9 NOV CURRENT AFFAIRS (MCQ)

Q1. Consider the following statements with reference to Rice Fortification 1. The centrally-sponsored pilot fortification scheme was approved in February 2019. 2. All the states in India have started the distribution of fortified rice Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

 Solution : a)

 Explanation :- · The centrally-sponsored pilot fortification scheme was approved in February 2019, and allocated a total budget outlay of ₹174.6 crore for a three-year period from 2019-20 onwards. · Implementation: o Currently, only five States — Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Chhattisgarh have started the distribution of fortified rice in their identified pilot districts. o The remaining 10 States have only now identified their respective districts, and will soon start distribution, but less than one and a half years remain in the pilot scheme period.

Q2. Which of the following bank/s come under the RBI’s mandate of Priority Sector Lending (PSL)? 1. Regional Rural Banks 2. Co-operative Banks 3. Small Finance Banks Choose the correct answer using the codes given below

 a) 2 only b) 1 and 3 only c) All of the above d) None of the above

 Solution : c)

 Explanation :- Priority Sector Lending: · Priority Sector Lending (PSL) is an important role given by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to the banks for providing a specified portion of the bank lending to few specific sectors. · This is essentially meant for an all round development of the economy as opposed to focusing only on the financial sector. · Eligible banks: All scheduled commercial banks and foreign banks (with a sizable presence in India) are mandated to set aside 40% of their Adjusted Net Bank Credit (ANDC) for lending to these sectors. o Regional rural banks, co-operative banks and small finance banks have to allocate 75% of ANDC to PSL. · The Priority Sector includes the following categories – Agriculture; Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises; Export Credit; Education; Housing; Social Infrastructure; Renewable Energy and Others. · Priority Sector Lending Certificates (PSLCs): Are a mechanism to enable banks to achieve the priority sector lending target and sub-targets by purchase of these instruments in the event of shortfall.

 Q3. Consider the following statements: 1. The Representation of the People Act, 1951, accounts for general incompetence of the representatives or dissatisfaction of the electorate as a ground for vacation of parliamentary seats. 2. 74th Amendment provides for a District Planning Committee to consolidate the plans prepared by Panchayats and Municipalities. Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : b)

 Explanation :- The Representation of the People Act, 1951, only provides for “vacation of office upon the commission of certain offences and does not account for general incompetence of the representatives or dissatisfaction of the electorate as a ground for vacation”. · 74th Amendment provides for a District Planning Committee to consolidate the plans prepared by Panchayats and Municipalities (Article 243ZD).

 Q4. Consider the following statements: 1. Article 15(3) of the Constitution, refers to special provision for women and children. 2. Article 39, directs state policy towards equal pay and opportunities for both men and women, and protecting the health of women and children. Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : c)

Explanation :- Article 15(3), which states ‘nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children’ · Article 39, directs state policy towards equal pay and opportunities for both men and women, and protecting the health of women and children

Q5. AIM–Sirius programme, recently seen in the news, is related to?

 a) Indo-Russian bilateral youth innovation initiative b) Indo-Sri Lanka bilateral youth innovation initiative c) Indo-US bilateral youth innovation initiative d) None of the above

 Solution : a)

 Explanation :- AIM–Sirius programme · Objective: The first Indo-Russian bilateral youth innovation initiative, the AIM–Sirius programme seeks to develop technological solutions (both web- and mobile-based) for the two countries. · Details: Over a two-week programme, from 7–21 November 2020, 48 students and 16 educators and mentors will participate. o This year’s cohort comprises the best Russian students from the Sirius Centre and the best Indian students and ATL in-charges from the top 150 teams of the 2019 ATL Marathon. o AIM and Sirius’ mentors from the industry and academia will work closely with the teams. · Functioning: It will create 8 virtual products and mobile applications addressing global challenges in the wake of the covid-19 pandemic. · It will involve a range of areas such as culture, distance education, applied cognitive science, health and well-being, sports, fitness, and games training, chemistry, artificial intelligence, and digital financial assets.

Q6. Consider the following ISRO missions Mission Purpose 1. Aditya L1 1. The first exploratory mission to the Sun 2. Gaganyaan 2. India’s first manned space flight 3. EOS-01 3. An Indian earth observation satellite Which of the above is/are correctly matched?

 a) 1 and 2 only b) 3 only c) All of the above d) None of the above

Solution : c)

 Explanation :- Future plans of ISRO: · ISRO had planned more than 20 satellite launches in the fiscal year 2020-21 and half of the planned launches were those of earth observation satellites. · This includes high profile missions like Aditya L1 – the first exploratory mission to the Sun, and unmanned Gaganyaan – the precursor to India’s first manned space flight. About EOS-01: · With the launch of EOS-01, an earth observation satellite, India sent its first space mission in almost a year. · New nomenclature o With EOS-01, ISRO is moving to a new naming system for its earth observation satellites which till now have been named according to the purpose they are meant for (thematically). § For example, the Cartosat series of satellites were meant to provide data for land topography and mapping, while the Oceansat satellites were meant for observations over sea. o Henceforth (it seems) all the earth observation satellites would be called EOSseries. · Purpose: Land and forest mapping and monitoring, mapping of resources like water or minerals or fishes, weather and climate observations, soil assessment, geospatial contour mapping. · Application: According to ISRO, EOS-01 is intended for applications in agriculture, forestry and disaster management support. The radar images are also considered to be immensely useful for military requirements.

 Q7. Consider the following statements with respect to the Atal Bimit Vyakti Kalyan Yojana (ABVKY) About ABVKY 1. The Scheme was launched in 2015 and it offers cash compensation to insured persons when they are rendered unemployed. 2. It is a welfare measure being implemented by the Employees State Insurance (ESI) Corporation. Which of the above statement/s is/are correct?

a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : b)

Explanation :- About ABVKY · Objective: The Scheme was launched in 2018 and it offers cash compensation to insured persons when they are rendered unemployed. o The scheme is implemented on pilot basis for a period of two years initially. · Implemented by: It is a welfare measure being implemented by the Employees State Insurance (ESI) Corporation. · Benefits under the scheme: o The scheme provides relief to the extent of 50% of the average per day earning during the previous four contribution periods. § It is to be paid up to a maximum 90 days of unemployment once in the lifetime of the Insured Person. o The claim for relief under the scheme will be payable after the three months of his/her clear unemployment. · Eligibility: o Employees covered under Section 2(9) of the ESI Act 1948. o The Insured Person (IP) should have been rendered unemployed during the period the relief is claimed. o The Insured Person should have been in insurable employment for a minimum period of two years. o The Insured Person should have contributed not less than 78 days during each of the preceding four contribution periods. o The contribution in respect of him should have been paid or payable by the employer. o The contingency of the unemployment should not have been as a result of any punishment for misconduct or superannuation or voluntary retirement. o Aadhar and Bank Account of the Insured Person should be linked with the insured person database.

 Q8. With reference to fast radio burst (FRB), consider the following statements: 1. FRBs are bright bursts of radio waves whose durations lie in the millisecond-scale. 2. As per NASA, a magnetar is a neutron star. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

 Solution : c)

Explanation :- NASA has reported that on April 28, it observed a mix of X-ray and radio signals never observed before in the Milky Way. Significantly, the flare-up it observed included the first fast radio burst (FRB) seen within the galaxy. · Essentially, FRBs are bright bursts of radio waves (radio waves can be produced by astronomical objects with changing magnetic fields) whose durations lie in the millisecondscale, because of which it is difficult to detect them and determine their position in the sky. · The source of the FRB detected in April in the Milky Way is a very powerful magnetic neutron star, referred to as a magnetar, called SGR 1935+2154 or SGR 1935, which is located in the constellation Vulpecula and is estimated to be between 14,000-41,000 light-years away. · Before April this year, scientists did not have any evidence to show that FRBs could be blasted out of a magnetar. Therefore, the observation is especially significant. · As per NASA, a magnetar is a neutron star, “the crushed, city-size remains of a star many times more massive than our Sun.” · The magnetic field of such a star is very powerful, which can be over 10 trillion times stronger than a refrigerator magnet and up to a thousand times stronger than a typical neutron star’s. · Neutron stars are formed when the core of a massive star undergoes gravitational collapse when it reaches the end of its life. · Hence both statements are correct.

Q9. With reference to Gov-Tech-Thon 2020, consider the following statements: 1. It is organized by IEEE, National Informatics Centre (NIC) and Oracle, under the aegis of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), Government of India. 2. IEEE is the world’s largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? Daily Current Affairs MCQ – 07 to 09 Nov 2020 Page | 6 Visit us: www.absoluteiasacademy.com Contact: +91-9847689422 a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2 Solution : c) Explanation :- Gov-Tech-Thon 2020, a 36 hours, pan-India virtual hackathon organized by IEEE, National Informatics Centre (NIC)and Oracle, under the aegis of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), Government of India, witnessed a successful conclusion on 1st November, 2020. · Shortlisted 447 enthusiasts from 100 teams participated in the Hackathon on the five problem statements provided by 3 central Government Ministries – Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare, Ministry of Road Transport and Highway and Ministry of Education. · National Informatics Centre (NIC) is attached office of Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). NIC was established in 1976. · IEEE is the world’s largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity. · The Oracle Cloud offers a complete suite of integrated applications for Sales, Service, Marketing, Human Resources, Finance, Supply Chain etc. · Hence both statements are correct. Q10. Hazira-Ghogha Ro-Pax ferry service is in which of the following state?

 a) Gujarat b) Uttar Pradesh c) Kerala d) Maharashtra

Solution : a)

 Explanation :- Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the Ro-Pax terminal at Hazira and flag off RoPax service between Hazira and Ghogha in Gujarat on Sunday. · Hazira-Ghogha Ro-Pax ferry service will work as a Gateway to South Gujarat and Saurashtra region. It will reduce the distance between Ghogha and Hazira from 370 Kilometres to 90 Kilometres. · The reduced cargo travel time will result in huge savings of fuel approximately 9000 litres per day and will lead to reduction in CO2 emission by approximately 24 million tonnes per day. · With the onset of Ferry services, the port sector, furniture and fertilizer industries in Saurashtra and Kutch region will get a big boost. · The benefits of enhanced connectivity through this ferry service will also result in increased inflow of tourists in the famous Asiatic lion wildlife sanctuary at Gir. · Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.

 Q11. With reference to ‘AIM–Sirius Innovation Programme 3.0’, consider the following statements: 1. The first Indo-Russian bilateral youth innovation initiative, the AIM–Sirius programme seeks to develop technological solutions (both web- and mobile-based) for the two countries. 2. It is a 14-day virtual programme for Indian and Russian schoolchildren. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

 Solution : c)  

Explanation :- Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) and Sirius, Russia launched ‘AIM–Sirius Innovation Programme 3.0’– a 14-day virtual programme for Indian and Russian schoolchildren. · The first Indo-Russian bilateral youth innovation initiative, the AIM–Sirius programme seeks to develop technological solutions (both web- and mobile-based) for the two countries. · Over a two-week programme, from 7–21 November 2020, 48 students and 16 educators and mentors will create 8 virtual products and mobile applications addressing global challenges in the wake of the covid-19 pandemic. · Innovations developed by the student teams will leverage 21st-century technologies such as app development, artificial intelligence, blockchain, machine learning etc. · Hence both statements are correct.

 Q12. With reference to the One Rank One Pension (OROP), consider the following statements: 1. Under the OROP scheme, uniform pension is paid to defence personnel who retire in the different rank but with the same length of service, irrespective of their date of retirement. 2. On November 7, 2015, the government issued an order notifying the OROP scheme and had stated that it would be effective from July 1, 2014. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : b)

Explanation :- On the “momentous” occasion of five years of One Rank One Pension (OROP), Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday saluted soldiers for courageously protecting the nation. · Under the OROP scheme, uniform pension is paid to defence personnel who retire in the same rank with the same length of service, irrespective of their date of retirement. · On November 7, 2015, the government issued an order notifying the OROP scheme and had stated that it would be effective from July 1, 2014. · The OROP was implemented to bridge the gap between the pensions of current and past exservicemen at periodic intervals. · Before OROP, ex-servicemen used to get pensions as per the Pay Commission’s recommendations of the time when they had retired. · The armed forces personnel who retired by June 30, 2014, are covered under the OROP scheme. Daily Current Affairs MCQ – 07 to 09 Nov 2020 Page | 8 Visit us: www.absoluteiasacademy.com Contact: +91-9847689422 · The Centre has disbursed over Rs 42,700 crore to 20.6 lakh retired Defence personnel under the OROP scheme since its inception, the Defence Ministry had said. Hence only statement 2 is correct.

 Q13. Sarnath is a place located near the confluence of which of the following rivers?

a) Ganges and Varuna b) Ganges and Yamuna c) Ganges and Son d) Jamuna and Chambal

Solution : a)

Explanation :- Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate various development projects in Varanasi including Sarnath Light and Sound show. · Sarnath is a place located 10 kilometres north-east of Varanasi city near the confluence of the Ganges and the Varuna rivers in Uttar Pradesh, India. · The Deer Park in Sarnath is where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and where the Buddhist Sangha came into existence through the enlightenment of Kondanna. · Also referred to as Isipatana, this city is mentioned by the Buddha as one of the four places of pilgrimage to which his devout followers should visit. · It was also the site of the Buddha’s Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta, which was his first teaching after attaining enlightenment, in which he taught the four noble truths and the teachings associated with it. · Singhpur, a village approximately one kilometer away from the site, was the birthplace of Shreyansanath, the Eleventh Tirthankara of Jainism. · Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.

Q14. With reference to the FASTags, consider the following statements: 1. FASTags are mandatory for all four wheel vehicles from 1st January 2021. 2. This will not apply to old vehicles as well as M and N category of motor vehicles sold before 1st December, 2017. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : a)

 Explanation :- Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has issued a notification making FASTags mandatory for all four wheel vehicles from 1st January 2021. This will apply to old vehicles as well as M and N category of motor vehicles sold before 1st December, 2017. · As per Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989, the FASTag had been made mandatory for all registration of new four wheeled Vehicles since 1st December 2017 and is being supplied by the Vehicle Manufacturer or their dealers. Daily Current Affairs MCQ – 07 to 09 Nov 2020 Page | 9 Visit us: www.absoluteiasacademy.com Contact: +91-9847689422 · It had further been mandated that the renewal of fitness certificate will be done only after the fitment of FASTag for the Transport Vehicles. For National Permit Vehicles the fitment of FASTag has been mandated since 1st of October, 2019. · The Ministry said that a valid FASTag is also mandatory while getting a new third Party Insurance through an amendment in certificate of Insurance, wherein the details of FASTag ID will be captured. This will be applicable with effect from 1st of April 2021. · This notification would be a major step for ensuring that the payment of fees be 100 per cent at Toll Plazas through the Electronic Means only and that the vehicles pass seamlessly through the Fee Plazas. · FASTag is an electronic toll collection system in India, operated by the National Highway Authority of India. · It employs Radio Frequency Identification technology for making toll payments directly from the prepaid or savings account linked to it or directly toll owner. Hence only statement 1 is correct.

 Q15. The Tigray Region is the northernmost of the nine regions (kililat) of which of the following country?

a) Egypt b) Somalia c) Sudan d) Ethiopia

Solution : d)

Explanation :- Ethiopia is on the brink of a civil war after Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed announced that he had ordered troops to counter an allegedly violent attack by armed forces in the country’s northern Tigray region. · The Tigray Region is the northernmost of the nine regions (kililat) of Ethiopia. · Tigray is the homeland of the Tigrayan, Irob and Kunama peoples. · Tigray is also known as Region 1 according to the federal constitution. · Its capital and largest city is Mekelle. · Tigray is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Sudan to the west, the Amhara Region to the south and the Afar Region to the east and south east. · In early November 2020, the region and the Ethiopian federal government entered into conflict, with some gunfire being reported in the capital of Tigray, Mekelle. · The conflict escalated in September, when Tigray held local elections in insubordination of the Ethiopian federal government. These elections were considered “illegal” by the federal government, further leading to conflict with Tigray authorities. · Hence, option (d) is the correct answer.

 Q16. With reference to the UN Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions (ACABQ), consider the following statements: 1. It is a subsidiary organ of the General Assembly. 2. ACABQ consists of 94 members. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 a) 1 only b) 2 only Daily Current Affairs MCQ – 07 to 09 Nov 2020 Page | 10 Visit us: www.absoluteiasacademy.com Contact: +91-9847689422 c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution : a)

 Explanation :- In a significant victory for India at the United Nations, Indian diplomat Vidisha Maitra was elected to the UN Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions (ACABQ), a subsidiary organ of the General Assembly. · The 193-member General Assembly appoints members of the Advisory Committee. Members are selected on the basis of broad geographical representation, personal qualifications and experience. · The Fifth Committee of the General Assembly, which deals with administrative and budgetary issues, recommended Maitra to the Assembly for a three-year term beginning January 1, 2021. · The victory comes as India gets ready to sit in the UN Security Council as a non-permanent member for a two-year term beginning January 2021. · ACABQ consists of 16 members appointed by the Assembly in their individual capacity. · ACABQ ensures that fund contributions to the UN system are put to good effect and that mandates are properly funded. · The major functions of the Advisory Committee are to examine and report on the budget submitted by the Secretary-General to the General Assembly and to advise the General Assembly concerning any administrative and budgetary matters referred to it. · Hence only statement 1 is correct.

 Q17. With reference to the Atal Beemit Vyakti Kalyan Yojana (ABVKY), consider the following statements: 1. It is a welfare measure being implemented by Union Ministry of Rural Development. 2. It offers cash compensation to insured persons when they are rendered unemployed. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

 Solution : b)

 Explanation :- Ministry of Labour and Employment said that submitting claims through Affidavit Form is now no longer required under Atal Beemit Vyakti Kalyan Yojana (ABVKY) of Employees’ State Insurance Corporation- ESIC. · Atal Bimit Vyakti Kalyan Yojana is a welfare measure being implemented by the Employee’s State Insurance (ESI) Corporation. · It offers cash compensation to insured persons when they are rendered unemployed. · The scheme provides relief to the extent of 50% of the average per day earning during the previous four contribution periods (total earning during the four contribution period/730) to be paid up to maximum 90 days of unemployment once in lifetime of the Insured Person. Daily Current Affairs MCQ – 07 to 09 Nov · The Scheme was introduced w.e.f. 01-07-2018. The ESI Corporation in its meeting held in August this year had extended the Atal Beemit Vyakti Kalyan Yojana’ from 1st of July, 2020 to 30th June,2021. · Hence, option (b) is the correct answer.

Q18. World Science Day for Peace and Development will be observed on:

a) 10 November b) 8 November c) 5 November d) 12 November

Solution : a)

Explanation :- World Science Day for Peace and Development will be observed on 10 November. · Celebrated every 10 November, World Science Day for Peace and Development highlights the significant role of science in society and the need to engage the wider public in debates on emerging scientific issues. · 2020 Theme: This year, at a time when the world is struggling with the global COVID-19 pandemic, the focus of World Science Day is on “Science for and with Society in dealing with the global pandemic.” · The organization of a focused event related to the commitment to science and society was one of the positive outcomes of the 1999 World Conference on Science in Budapest. · It was considered an opportunity to reaffirm each year the commitment to attaining the goals proclaimed in the Declaration on Science and the Use of Scientific Knowledge and to follow up the recommendations of the Science Agenda: Framework for Action. · It was proclaimed by UNESCO in 2001 and was first celebrated worldwide on 10 November 2002. · Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.

Q19. With reference to the Sichuan-Tibet Railway, consider the following statements: 1. The Sichuan-Tibet Railway will be the second railway line into Tibet after the Qinghai-Tibet Railway project. 2. Linzhi, also known as Nyingchi, is located close to the Himachal Pradesh border. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2

 Solution : a)

Explanation :- Chinese President Xi Jinping instructed officials to expedite the construction of the new USD 47.8 billion railway project connecting the country’s southwest Sichuan province to Linzhi in Tibet close to the Indian border in Arunachal Pradesh, saying it would play a key role in safeguarding stability in the border areas· The Sichuan-Tibet Railway will be the second railway line into Tibet after the Qinghai-Tibet Railway project. It will go through the southeast of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, one of the world’s most geologically active areas. · The Sichuan-Tibet Railway starts from Chengdu, capital of Sichuan province and travels through Ya’an and enters Tibet via Qamdo, shortening the journey from Chengdu to Lhasa from 48 hours to 13 hours. · Linzhi, also known as Nyingchi, is located close to the Arunachal Pradesh border. · The India-China border dispute covers the 3,488-km-long Line of Actual Control, the de-facto border between the two countries. China claims Arunachal Pradesh as part of south Tibet which is firmly rejected by India. Hence only statement 1 is correct. *************